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結香——會打結的“植物匠人”

文章來源:武漢植物園   發布時間:2019-03-27  【字號:     】  

  正是乍暖還寒時候,黃昏時漫步于花境大道,感受著這一刻的寧靜美好。各色梅花爭奇斗艷,不時有香氣撲面而來。行至花園餐廳附近,一陣濃香來襲,竟不是梅花熟悉的味道。尋香至一株灌木前,一簇簇像繡球卻比繡球小的明黃色的花,毛茸茸的掛在枝頭,甚是可愛。粗壯的褐色小枝竟裸露在外面,沒有一片遮羞的葉子。更神奇的是,這么粗壯的小枝竟然打了一個又一個結,初看時還以為是園藝工人為了造景人為打的結,直到看到它的名字:結香,才明白這是一個心靈手巧的植物匠人 

  結香(Edgeworthia chrysantha),瑞香科結香屬植物,落葉灌木。結香,又名打結花、雪里開、金腰帶等。因結香每年分枝一次,每枝分出三個小枝,節節成三叉狀,故又稱為三叉樹。在四川、廣西和云南等地,結香被稱為夢花,因其有解夢之說——相傳,倘若有人夜里做了夢,在無人的早上去結香樹上打個結,就能好夢成真,噩夢化解。 

   頭狀花序頂生或側生,具花30-50朵成絨球狀,外圍以10枚左右被長毛而早落的總苞。 

結香的花 

  果橢圓形,綠色,長約8毫米,直徑約3.5毫米,頂端被毛。冬末春初開花,春夏間結果。由于結實率低,果實并不常見。下面這兩張果實的照片還是從植物學大神那里借來的。 

結香的果 /甘仕瑞 

  葉長圓形,披針形至倒披針形,兩面均被銀灰色絹狀毛,在開花前凋落,這個季節是沒有葉子的啦。 

結香的葉 /中國植物志 

  枝條柔軟可以打結,莖皮纖維可做高級紙及人造棉原料。 

結香的枝干 

  此外,根、莖、花均是優良的中藥材,有舒筋活血、消腫止痛之功效;也可作獸藥,治牛跌打;亦可作觀賞植物。     

  心有千千結 

  結香的花語和象征意義是:喜結連枝,在結香樹上打結有愛情甜蜜幸福的寓意。 

  關于結香愛情樹的美麗傳說 

  相傳在秦始皇時期,皇家宮廷內有一對深深相愛的戀人,女子出身高貴,而男子出身貧賤。由于門不當,戶不對,兩人的愛情是不被允許的,兩人在萬般無奈準備分手時,在結香樹上打了個結,本想以此為兩人的愛情畫個句號。但神奇的是,那個被二人打了結的結香樹在當年不僅開花多,而且花香也更濃郁。此事傳到秦始皇那里,迷信的秦始皇以為是神仙在保佑他們,立即傳旨破例讓他們結為夫妻。自此,民間便有了在結香樹上打結許愿的風俗,寓意愛情天長地久,心想事成。 

  在今天湖北的西北山區流傳著如果妙齡少女夢見了心中的白馬王子,便會在一大早爬到最高的山上去尋找一棵傳說中的女兒樹。傳說這棵女兒樹具有神奇的力量,在它柔韌的枝條上打一個結,許愿人的愿望就可以實現。故事中的女兒樹就是結香樹。 

  賞花攻略:武漢植物園櫻花大道 

  中國科學院中國植物志編輯委員會. 中國植物志[M]. 北京: 科學出版社, 1993: 18.




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